The Real Market Research Questions You Should Be Asking
Melani Dizon of Copy Hackers gets it. She’s helped many brand influencers and companies create better content and better reach out to their target audience because she’s found the right questions to ask.
Most people that dive into market research, even market researchers themselves, tend to ask “Who is my customer?”. Well, that’s not a bad question to ask. In fact, the answer definitely contains valuable information. But what questions should you be putting more effort into finding answers for? What questions will help you answer that particular question in the most effective way possible?
Using the Jobs-To-Be-Done framework, outlined perfectly by Alan Klement, you dive into the why and how of your product to conduct this market research.
The JBTD framework:
- Interview people that have purchased your product or service before
- Interview in teams of 2
- Ask them questions about their struggles
- Avoid assumptions
The beauty of this framework is that it provides insightful qualitative analysis as to why your customers chose you. The story below outlines the uses of the framework beautifully.
You dash out of the building and start walking by places that sell food. You first pass by a funny looking guy at the corner selling bananas – that won’t work ‘cause you need serious grub. Next, you walk by a cafe – that won’t work either because by the time you sit down and order your food, you’ll have to leave. Then, you walk by two places: a taco stand and a pizza joint. Fast food joints.
At first glance, both look legit. You then look up at their signs and one says, “Ray’s World Famous Pizza! Voted #1 Pizza!” and the other says, “In & Out Tacos. Tasty taco meals in 30 seconds.”
Which do you think you’d choose?
Chances are, most people in this scenario would go to the taco place. Not necessarily because they love tacos more than pizza. But because the taco place had a message that spoke directly to the situation they were facing: I’m really hungry and I gotta eat something fast so I can get to where I need to be, on time. They wanted to hire a product to do the job of satisfying their hunger fast. The social proof messages – “voted #1”, “world famous” – simply wouldn’t be as persuasive to this prospect.
That’s the difference between product thinking (and copywriting) that focuses on a product VS. a customer’s job to be done.
As can be seen above, you can’t determine that a customer is a customer simply because of demographic information.
You can't determine that a customer is a customer simply because of demographic information
Years ago, I helped lead a study on customer segmentation for a regional grocery store. Upon initially determining the demographics that made up each segment, we were able to dive deeper as to why these customers purchased the way they did. We ultimately found four segments based on behaviors instead of demographics.
Behavior Is Key
Behavior is key in determining a target market. Not demographics.
The behaviors are much easier to act on because, well, you know what they’re doing. You know what their goal is and how to help them reach it. This is the difference between simply knowing who your customer is and the job that they are trying to accomplish.
Is it easy to implement? At first, it may seem overwhelming as different customers are likely using your product or service for different reasons. But as you continue to collect information, a few common trends are likely to reveal themselves, creating a more clear path to effectively marketing the jobs that your consumers value and need to be completed.
The JBTD framework can be revolutionary for businesses if done correctly. And as consumers change over time, so do the jobs that they need to be completed. Continual research utilizing this method can give a company a competitive edge.